Panchang January 2019

Panchang is a spiritual and scientific and ancient Hindu (Indian) calendar which is derived from Vedic astrology. The Panchang measures time in lunar months. In selection of “ Muhuruta” and for all religious and social functions , lunar month is followed . Every month reveals secret path of stars and constellations and every day of each month is identified with planets and gods.

Every lunar month is divided into two equal halves of 15 days each, Dark half (Krishan Paksha ) and bright half ( Shukul Paksha) It is derived from two words - Panch (Five) and Ang (aspect). Panchang prescribes that each day is divided into five aspects - var or Day (the solar day), Tithi (lunar day), Nakshatra (constellation), Yoga (conjunction) and Karan (one half of lunar day).Tithi or 'lunar day' is a very important conception in Hindu astronomy. Every month reveals secret path of stars and constellations and each date is called a Tithi which is caused by the angle formed by the changing positions of the moon and sun in transit.

The day when Sun & moon are together in a sign at the same degree is called the 30th date which is also known as the ‘Amavasya’ or new moon and as moon advances beyond the sun , each difference of 12º away from the sun ,causes the formation of new Tithi. When the moon reaches 180º beyond the sun and is diametrically opposite to the latter, the date formed is called ‘Poornima’ or the full moon. In each of the two fortnights, of the month, dark half and bright half, the names of all the dates Tithis’ except the ending ‘Tithis are identical . Ending Tithis are Amavasya and Poornima for ‘ Krishan Paksha’ and ‘Shukla Paksha’ respectively.

The knowledge of tithi (date) brings prosperity, vara prolongs life. Nakshatras removes misdeeds, yoga gives immunity from diseases and karana & hora lead to success. Vedas, prescribe that a person can become free from all his misdeeds if he truly follows what is written in the Panchang.The zodiac is marked by 27 constellations or Nakshatras often termed lunar mansions. The position of a Nakshatra is dependent upon the actual time taken by the Moon to traverse 13° 20.' of ecliptic arc, of course, always beginning from the first point of the constellational zodiac.

Yoga is another component of the panchang after Tithi, var & nakshatra. It is the period during which the joint motion in longitude of the Sun and the Moon amounts to 13° 20'. There are twenty-seven Yogas.And finally we have Karana, or half a lunar day meaning thereby the time taken to complete the distance which should be the multiple of 6 between the Sun and Moon.

To find the auspicious time to start anything new it considers the weekday of week (Vara), Tithi, Nakshatra (Star), Yoga of the day, Karana of the day, and the ending moments of all these to determine whether the day is Amrita, Siddha or Marana. Several benefic and malefic yogas are formed by the permutation and combination of different parts of Panchaga. While the good yogas enhance the strength of a ‘ Muhuruta’ , the bad yogas prove disastrous for the success of any activity.

How to read the panchang:

In the Panchang we have different columns showing its different parameters. First is the Date is date of the month and day is Vaar of the week like Sunday or Monday. Next is Tithi. Names of different tithis are shown below the table. In Indian Astrology, the calculation of the Tithis starts from Pratipada (The first day in each half of the lunar month) of the Shukla-Paksha Time specified in the next column is ending time of tithi. Next is Number & name of Nakshatra. The number and the time is specified in the column of time. Next is yoga number & name. The yoga period is also up to a certain time which is written in the time column. In the last column we have Names of Yoga.

Date

Day

Tithi

Nakshatra

Yoda

 

01

Tues

K

11

Ekadasi

25:29

15

Swati

08:44

08

Dhriti

26:41

S/M

02

Wed

 

12

Dwadasi

26:11

16

Visakha

09:40

09

Sula

25:55

S

03

Thu

 

13

Triyodasi

27:22

17

Anuradha

11:03

10

Ganda

24:38

S/M

04

Fri

 

14

Chaturdasi

28:58

18

Jyeshta

12:54

11

Vridhi

24:42

M/A

05

Sat

 

30

Amavasya

 

19

Moola

15:08

12

Dhruva

25:06

S

06

Sun

   

Amavasya

06:59

20

P. Shada

17:43

13

Vyagata

25:40

S/A

07

Mon

S

01

Prathami

09:19

21

U.Shada

20:36

14

Harsana

26:29

M/A

08

Tues

 

02

Dwithiya

11:55

22

Sravana

23:41

15

Vajra

27:22

S

09

Wed

 

03

Trithiya

14:39

23

Dhanistha

25:54

16

Siddhi

28:25

M

10

Thu

 

04

Chaturthi

17:13

24

Satabisha

29:54

17

Vyatipata

29:20

M

11

Fri

 

05

Panchami

19:55

25

P.Bhadra

 

18

Variyan

 

S

12

Sat

 

06

Shashti

22:01

   

08:44

   

06:03

M/S

13

Sun

 

07

Saptami

23:43

26

U.Bhadra

11:06

19

Parigha

06:25

A

14

Mon

 

08

Ashtami

24:38

27

Revati

13:53

20

Siva

06:24

S

15

Tues

 

09

Navami

24:46

01

Aswini

13:56

21

Sudha

05:42

S

--

--

--

--

---

---

--

---

--

22

Sadhya

28:29

--

16

Wed

S

10

Dasami

24:05

02

Bharani

14:12

23

Shubha

26:33

S/A

17

Thu

 

11

Ekadasi

22:35

03

Krittika

13:41

24

Sukla

21:39

M

18

Fri

 

12

Dwadasi

20:23

04

Rohini

12:25

25

Brahma

20:58

M/S

19

Sat

 

13

Triyodasi

17:35

05

Mrigasira

10:32

26

Indra

17:56

S

20

Sun

 

14

Chaturdasi

14:20

06

Arudra

08:08

27

Vaidhriti

13:38

S

--

--

--

--

---

---

07

Punarvasu

29:23

       

21

Mon

S

15

Purnima

10:47

08

Pushya

26:28

01

Vishkumba

09:27

S

--

--

--

--

---

---

--

---

--

02

Priti

29:06

 

22

Tues

K

01

Prathami

07:06

09

Aslesha

23:32

03

Ayusman

24:53

S

     

02

Dwithiya

27:27

--

---

---

--

---

---

--

23

Wed

 

03

Trithiya

24:01

10

Makha

20:43

04

Saubhagya

20:46

S/A

24

Thu

 

04

Chaturthi

20:55

11

P.Phalguni

18:22

05

Sobhana

17:00

S/M

25

Fri

 

05

Panchami

18:19

12

U.Phalguni

16:26

06

Atiganda

13:35

S/A

26

Sat

--

06

Shashti

16:20

13

Hasta

15:05

07

Sukarma

10:40

M

27

Sun

 

07

Saptami

15:03

14

Chitra

14:25

08

Dhriti

08:10

S

28

Mon

 

08

Ashtami

14:31

15

Swati

14:29

09

Sula

06:29

A/M

--

--

--

--

---

---

--

---

--

10

Ganda

29:16

 

29

Tues

 

09

Navami

14:42

16

Visakha

15:15

11

Vridhi

20:34

M/S

30

Wed

K

10

Dasami

15:35

17

Anuradha

16:41

12

Dhruva

28:24

S

31

Thu

 

11

Ekadasi

17:03

18

Jyeshta

18:41

13

Vyagata

28:36

M/S

 

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Our Predictions

 

Note : 1. S-Suklapaksha, K-Krishnapaksha.
2. Timings given are ending moments (in IST) reckoned from Sunrise to Sunrise.
3. A=Amruta Yoga(Excellent); S-Siddha Yoga (Good); M=Marana Yoga (Bad)

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