Panchang April 2019

Panchang is a spiritual and scientific and ancient Hindu (Indian) calendar which is derived from Vedic astrology. The Panchang measures time in lunar months. In selection of “ Muhuruta” and for all religious and social functions , lunar month is followed . Every month reveals secret path of stars and constellations and every day of each month is identified with planets and gods.

Every lunar month is divided into two equal halves of 15 days each, Dark half (Krishan Paksha ) and bright half ( Shukul Paksha) It is derived from two words - Panch (Five) and Ang (aspect). Panchang prescribes that each day is divided into five aspects - var or Day (the solar day), Tithi (lunar day), Nakshatra (constellation), Yoga (conjunction) and Karan (one half of lunar day).Tithi or 'lunar day' is a very important conception in Hindu astronomy. Every month reveals secret path of stars and constellations and each date is called a Tithi which is caused by the angle formed by the changing positions of the moon and sun in transit.

The day when Sun & moon are together in a sign at the same degree is called the 30th date which is also known as the ‘Amavasya’ or new moon and as moon advances beyond the sun , each difference of 12º away from the sun ,causes the formation of new Tithi. When the moon reaches 180º beyond the sun and is diametrically opposite to the latter, the date formed is called ‘Poornima’ or the full moon. In each of the two fortnights, of the month, dark half and bright half, the names of all the dates Tithis’ except the ending ‘Tithis are identical . Ending Tithis are Amavasya and Poornima for ‘ Krishan Paksha’ and ‘Shukla Paksha’ respectively.

The knowledge of tithi (date) brings prosperity, vara prolongs life. Nakshatras removes misdeeds, yoga gives immunity from diseases and karana & hora lead to success. Vedas, prescribe that a person can become free from all his misdeeds if he truly follows what is written in the Panchang.The zodiac is marked by 27 constellations or Nakshatras often termed lunar mansions. The position of a Nakshatra is dependent upon the actual time taken by the Moon to traverse 13° 20.' of ecliptic arc, of course, always beginning from the first point of the constellational zodiac.

Yoga is another component of the panchang after Tithi, var & nakshatra. It is the period during which the joint motion in longitude of the Sun and the Moon amounts to 13° 20'. There are twenty-seven Yogas.And finally we have Karana, or half a lunar day meaning thereby the time taken to complete the distance which should be the multiple of 6 between the Sun and Moon.

To find the auspicious time to start anything new it considers the weekday of week (Vara), Tithi, Nakshatra (Star), Yoga of the day, Karana of the day, and the ending moments of all these to determine whether the day is Amrita, Siddha or Marana. Several benefic and malefic yogas are formed by the permutation and combination of different parts of Panchaga. While the good yogas enhance the strength of a ‘ Muhuruta’ , the bad yogas prove disastrous for the success of any activity.

How to read the panchang:

In the Panchang we have different columns showing its different parameters. First is the Date is date of the month and day is Vaar of the week like Sunday or Monday. Next is Tithi. Names of different tithis are shown below the table. In Indian Astrology, the calculation of the Tithis starts from Pratipada (The first day in each half of the lunar month) of the Shukla-Paksha Time specified in the next column is ending time of tithi. Next is Number & name of Nakshatra. The number and the time is specified in the column of time. Next is yoga number & name. The yoga period is also up to a certain time which is written in the time column. In the last column we have Names of Yoga.

Date

Day

Tithi

Nakshatra

Yoda

 

01

Mon

K

11

Ekadasi

16:04

23

Dhanistha

21:54

22

Sadhya

20:17

S

02

Tues

 

12

Dwadasi

08:39

24

Satabisha

24:49

23

Shubha

21:10

M

03

Wed

 

13

Triyodasi

10:57

25

P.Bhadra

27:25

24

Sukla

21:47

A

04

Thu

 

14

Chaturdasi

12:51

26

U.Bhadra

--

25

Brahma

22:07

S

05

Fri

K

30

Amavasya

14:21

26

U.Bhadra

05:36

26

Indra

22:07

S

06

Sat

 

01

Prathami

15:24

27

Revati

07:22

27

Vaidhriti

21:47

M/S

07

Sun

S

02

Dwithiya

16:02

01

Aswini

08:44

01

Vishkumba

21:08

S/M

08

Mon

 

03

Trithiya

16:16

02

Bharani

09:43

02

Priti

20:10

S/M

09

Tues

 

04

Chaturthi

16:07

03

Krittika

10:19

03

Ayusman

18:56

S/A

10

Wed

 

05

Panchami

15:36

04

Rohini

10:33

04

Saubhagya

17:23

S

11

Thu

 

06

Shashti

14:42

05

Mrigasira

10:25

05

Sobhana

15:32

M

12

Fri

 

07

Saptami

13:24

06

Arudra

09:54

06

Atiganda

13:22

S

13

Sat

 

08

Ashtami

11:42

07

Punarvasu

08:59

07

Sukarma

10:53

S

14

Sun

 

09

Navami

09:36

08

Pushya

07:40

08

Dhriti

08:05

S

--

--

 

--

---

---

--

---

---

09

Sula

28:59

 

15

Mon

 

10

Dasami

07:08

09

Aslesha

05:59

10

Ganda

25:38

M

--

--

S

11

Ekadasi

28:23

10

Makha

28:01

--

--

---

--

16

Tues

 

12

Dwadasi

25:26

11

P.Phalguni

25:50

11

Vridhi

22:07

S

17

Wed

 

13

Triyodasi

22:24

12

U.Phalguni

23:36

12

Dhruva

18:31

A

18

Thu

 

14

Chaturdasi

19:27

13

Hasta

21:25

13

Vyagata

14:57

S

19

Fri

S

15

Purnima

16:42

14

Chitra

19:29

14

Harsana

11:32

S

20

Sat

K

01

Prathami

14:21

15

Swati

17:58

15

Vajra

08:25

S

21

Sun

 

02

Dwithiya

12:23

16

Visakha

17:01

16

Siddhi

15:42

M

--

--

 

--

---

---

--

---

---

17

Vyatipata

27:31

--

22

Mon

 

03

Trithiya

11:25

17

Anuradha

16:45

18

Variyan

25:55

S

23

Tues

 

04

Chaturthi

11:04

18

Jyeshta

17:16

19

Parigha

24:59

M/A

24

Wed

 

05

Panchami

11:32

19

Moola

18:25

20

Siva

24:39

M/A

25

Thu

 

06

Shashti

12:47

20

P. Shada

20:37

21

Sidha

24:53

S

26

Fri

 

07

Saptami

14:40

21

U.Shada

23:14

22

Sadhya

25:34

S

27

Sat

 

08

Ashtami

17:01

22

Sravana

26:12

23

Shubha

26:30

S

28

Sun

 

09

Navami

19:34

23

Dhanistha

29:18

24

Sukla

27:32

M

29

Mon

 

10

Dasami

22:04

24

Satabisha

--

25

Brahma

28:28

S

30

Tue

 

11

Ekadasi

24:18

24

Satabisha

08:15

26

Indra

29:09

M

 

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Note : 1. S-Suklapaksha, K-Krishnapaksha.
2. Timings given are ending moments (in IST) reckoned from Sunrise to Sunrise.
3. A=Amruta Yoga(Excellent); S-Siddha Yoga (Good); M=Marana Yoga (Bad)

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