Panchang February 2020

Panchang is a spiritual and scientific and ancient Hindu (Indian) calendar which is derived from Vedic astrology. The Panchang measures time in lunar months. In selection of “ Muhuruta” and for all religious and social functions , lunar month is followed . Every month reveals secret path of stars and constellations and every day of each month is identified with planets and gods.

Every lunar month is divided into two equal halves of 15 days each, Dark half (Krishan Paksha ) and bright half ( Shukul Paksha) It is derived from two words - Panch (Five) and Ang (aspect). Panchang prescribes that each day is divided into five aspects - var or Day (the solar day), Tithi (lunar day), Nakshatra (constellation), Yoga (conjunction) and Karan (one half of lunar day).Tithi or 'lunar day' is a very important conception in Hindu astronomy. Every month reveals secret path of stars and constellations and each date is called a Tithi which is caused by the angle formed by the changing positions of the moon and sun in transit.

The day when Sun & moon are together in a sign at the same degree is called the 30th date which is also known as the ‘Amavasya’ or new moon and as moon advances beyond the sun , each difference of 12º away from the sun ,causes the formation of new Tithi. When the moon reaches 180º beyond the sun and is diametrically opposite to the latter, the date formed is called ‘Poornima’ or the full moon. In each of the two fortnights, of the month, dark half and bright half, the names of all the dates Tithis’ except the ending ‘Tithis are identical . Ending Tithis are Amavasya and Poornima for ‘ Krishan Paksha’ and ‘Shukla Paksha’ respectively.

The knowledge of tithi (date) brings prosperity, vara prolongs life. Nakshatras removes misdeeds, yoga gives immunity from diseases and karana & hora lead to success. Vedas, prescribe that a person can become free from all his misdeeds if he truly follows what is written in the Panchang.The zodiac is marked by 27 constellations or Nakshatras often termed lunar mansions. The position of a Nakshatra is dependent upon the actual time taken by the Moon to traverse 13° 20.' of ecliptic arc, of course, always beginning from the first point of the constellational zodiac.

Yoga is another component of the panchang after Tithi, var & nakshatra. It is the period during which the joint motion in longitude of the Sun and the Moon amounts to 13° 20'. There are twenty-seven Yogas.And finally we have Karana, or half a lunar day meaning thereby the time taken to complete the distance which should be the multiple of 6 between the Sun and Moon.

To find the auspicious time to start anything new it considers the weekday of week (Vara), Tithi, Nakshatra (Star), Yoga of the day, Karana of the day, and the ending moments of all these to determine whether the day is Amrita, Siddha or Marana. Several benefic and malefic yogas are formed by the permutation and combination of different parts of Panchaga. While the good yogas enhance the strength of a ‘ Muhuruta’ , the bad yogas prove disastrous for the success of any activity.

How to read the panchang:

In the Panchang we have different columns showing its different parameters. First is the Date is date of the month and day is Vaar of the week like Sunday or Monday. Next is Tithi. Names of different tithis are shown below the table. In Indian Astrology, the calculation of the Tithis starts from Pratipada (The first day in each half of the lunar month) of the Shukla-Paksha Time specified in the next column is ending time of tithi. Next is Number & name of Nakshatra. The number and the time is specified in the column of time. Next is yoga number & name. The yoga period is also up to a certain time which is written in the time column. In the last column we have Names of Yoga.

Date

Day

Tithi

Nakshatra

Yoda

 

01

Sat

S

07

Saptami

18:12

01

Aswini

20:54

23

Shubha

29:19

   S

02

Sun

 

08

Ashtami

20:05

02

Bharani

23:12

24

Sukla

29:26

M/S

03

Mon

 

09

Navami

21:21

03

Krittika

24:53

25

Brahma

29:03

M/A

04

Tue

 

10

Dasami

21:51

04

Rohini

25:50

26

Indra

28:03

A/S

05

Wed

 

11

Ekadasi

21:32

05

Mrigasira

25:59

27

Vidhriti

26:26

S

06

Thu

 

12

Dwadasi

20:25

06

Arudra

25:22

01

Vishkumba

24:13

M/A

07

Fri

 

13

Triyodasi

18:33

07

Punarvasu

24:02

02

Priti

21:20

S/M

08

Sat

 

14

Chaturdasi

16:03

08

Pushya

22:06

03

Ayusman

18:10

S

09

Sun

S

15

Purnima

13:04

09

Aslesha

19:44

04

Saubhagya

14:23

S/M

10

Mon

K

01

Prathami

09:46

10

Makha

17:06

05

Sobhana

10:23

M/S

--

--

--

02

Dwithiya

06:20

--

---

--

--

---

--

--

11

Tues

 

03

Trithiya

26:55

11

P.Phalguni

14:24

06

Atiganda

06:21

S/A

--

--

--

--

---

---

--

--

--

07

Sukarma

26:30

--

12

Wed

 

04

Chaturthi

23:41

12

U.Phalguni

11:47

08

Dhriti

22:19

A/M

13

Thu

 

05

Panchami

20:48

13

Hasta

09:26

09

Sula

18:07

S

14

Fri

 

06

Shashti

24:23

14

Chitra

07:28

10

Ganda

15:43

M

--

--

--

--

---

---

15

Swati

06:02

--

---

--

--

15

Sat

 

07

Saptami

16:31

16

Visakha

29:10

11

Vridhi

12:58

S

16

Sun

 

08

Ashtami

15:15

17

Anuradha

28:55

12

Dhruva

10:42

S

17

Mon

 

09

Navami

1433

18

Jyeshta

29:15

13

Vyagata

08:56

S

18

Tue

 

10

Dasami

14:34

19

Moola

06:07

14

Harsana

07:37

A/S

19

Wed

 

11

Ekadasi

15:29

20

P. Shada

--

15

Vajra

06:44

A

20

Thu

 

12

Dwadasi

16:01

20

P. Shada

07:26

16

Siddhi

06:14

S

21

Fri

 

13

Triyodasi

17:27

21

U.Shada

09:14

17

Vyatipata

06:04

S/M

22

Sat

 

14

Chaturdasi

19:21

22

Sravana

11:20

18

Variyan

06:09

S

23

Sun

K

30

Amavasya

21:03

23

Dhanistha

13:44

19

Parigha

06:28

M/S

24

Mon

S

01

Prathami

23:17

24

Satabisha

16:22

20

Siva

07:01

S

25

Tue

 

02

Dwithiya

25:41

25

P. Shada

19:11

21

Siddha

07:42

M/A

26

Wed

 

03

Trithiya

28:31

26

U.Bhadra

22:09

22

Sadhya

08:31

S/M

27

Thu

 

04

Chaturthi

--

27

Revati

23:09

23

Shubha

09:22

S/A

28

Fri

 

04

Chaturthi

06:46

01

Aswini

28:04

24

Sukla

10:18

A/S

29

Sat

 

05

Panchami

09:11

02

Bharani

--

25

Brahma

11:04

S

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Our Predictions

 

Note : 1. S-Suklapaksha, K-Krishnapaksha.
2. Timings given are ending moments (in IST) reckoned from Sunrise to Sunrise.
3. A=Amruta Yoga(Excellent); S-Siddha Yoga (Good); M=Marana Yoga (Bad)

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