Panchag May 2021

Panchang is a spiritual and scientific and ancient Hindu (Indian) calendar which is derived from Vedic astrology. The Panchang measures time in lunar months. In selection of “ Muhuruta” and for all religious and social functions , lunar month is followed . Every month reveals secret path of stars and constellations and every day of each month is identified with planets and gods.

Every lunar month is divided into two equal halves of 15 days each, Dark half (Krishan Paksha ) and bright half ( Shukul Paksha) It is derived from two words - Panch (Five) and Ang (aspect). Panchang prescribes that each day is divided into five aspects - var or Day (the solar day), Tithi (lunar day), Nakshatra (constellation), Yoga (conjunction) and Karan (one half of lunar day).Tithi or 'lunar day' is a very important conception in Hindu astronomy. Every month reveals secret path of stars and constellations and each date is called a Tithi which is caused by the angle formed by the changing positions of the moon and sun in transit.

The day when Sun & moon are together in a sign at the same degree is called the 30th date which is also known as the ‘Amavasya’ or new moon and as moon advances beyond the sun , each difference of 12º away from the sun ,causes the formation of new Tithi. When the moon reaches 180º beyond the sun and is diametrically opposite to the latter, the date formed is called ‘Poornima’ or the full moon. In each of the two fortnights, of the month, dark half and bright half, the names of all the dates Tithis’ except the ending ‘Tithis are identical . Ending Tithis are Amavasya and Poornima for ‘ Krishan Paksha’ and ‘Shukla Paksha’ respectively.

The knowledge of tithi (date) brings prosperity, vara prolongs life. Nakshatras removes misdeeds, yoga gives immunity from diseases and karana & hora lead to success. Vedas, prescribe that a person can become free from all his misdeeds if he truly follows what is written in the Panchang.The zodiac is marked by 27 constellations or Nakshatras often termed lunar mansions. The position of a Nakshatra is dependent upon the actual time taken by the Moon to traverse 13° 20.' of ecliptic arc, of course, always beginning from the first point of the constellational zodiac.

Yoga is another component of the panchang after Tithi, var & nakshatra. It is the period during which the joint motion in longitude of the Sun and the Moon amounts to 13° 20'. There are twenty-seven Yogas.And finally we have Karana, or half a lunar day meaning thereby the time taken to complete the distance which should be the multiple of 6 between the Sun and Moon.

To find the auspicious time to start anything new it considers the weekday of week (Vara), Tithi, Nakshatra (Star), Yoga of the day, Karana of the day, and the ending moments of all these to determine whether the day is Amrita, Siddha or Marana. Several benefic and malefic yogas are formed by the permutation and combination of different parts of Panchaga. While the good yogas enhance the strength of a ‘ Muhuruta’ , the bad yogas prove disastrous for the success of any activity.

How to read the panchang:

In the Panchang we have different columns showing its different parameters. First is the Date is date of the month and day is Vaar of the week like Sunday or Monday. Next is Tithi. Names of different tithis are shown below the table. In Indian Astrology, the calculation of the Tithis starts from Pratipada (The first day in each half of the lunar month) of the Shukla-Paksha Time specified in the next column is ending time of tithi. Next is Number & name of Nakshatra. The number and the time is specified in the column of time. Next is yoga number & name. The yoga period is also up to a certain time which is written in the time column. In the last column we have Names of Yoga.

 

Date

Day

Tithi

Nakshatra

Yoda

 

01

Tue

K

07

Saptami

24:47

23

Dhanishta

16:08

27

Vaidhriti

27:01

S

02

Wed

 

08

Ashtami

25:13

24

Satabisha

17:00

01

Viskumba

26:26

S/A

03

Thu

 

09

Navami

26:23

25

P.Bhadra

18:35

02

Priti

26:23

S

04

Fri

 

10

Dasami

28:08

26

U.Bhadra

20:27

03

Ayusman

26:48

S/A

05

Sat

 

11

Ekadasi

---

27

Revati

23:28

04

Soubhagya

27:34

M

06

Sun

 

11

Ekadasi

06:20

01

Aswini

26:27

05

Sobana

28:34

S

07

Mon

 

12

Dwadasi

08:49

02

Bharani

---

06

Atiganda

---

S

08

Tue

 

13

Triyodasi

11:25

02

Bharani

05:36

06

Atiganda

05:41

S

09

Wed

 

14

Chaturdasi

13:59

03

Krittika

08:44

07

Sukarma

06:47

A/S

10

Thu

K

30

Amavasya

16:23

04

Rohini

11:44

08

Dhriti

07:47

M

11

Fri

S

01

Prathami

18:31

05

Mirgasira

14:31

09

Sula

08:37

S

12

Sat

 

02

Dwithiya

20:18

06

Arudra

16:57

10

Ganda

09:12

S

13

Sun

 

03

Trithiya

21:41

07

Punarvasu

19:01

11

Vridhi

09:30

S

14

Mon

 

04

Chaturthi

22:35

08

Pushya

20:37

12

Dhruva

09:27

S

15

Tue

 

05

Panchami

22:57

09

Aslesha

21:42

13

Vyagata

09:00

S

16

Wed

 

06

Shashti

22:46

10

Makha

22:15

14

Harsana

08:08

S/A

17

Thu

 

07

Saptami

22:00

11

P.Phalguni

22:13

15

Vajra

09:48

S/M

--

--

 

--

-----

---

--

-----

---

16

Siddhi

29:01

 

18

Fri

 

08

Ashtami

20:40

12

U. Phalguni

21:37

17

Vyatipada

26:46

S/A

19

Sat

 

09

Navami

18:46

13

Hasta

20:28

18

Variyan

24:04

M

20

Sun

S

10

Dasami

16:22

14

Chitra

18:49

19

Parigha

17:33

S

21

Mon

 

11

Ekadasi

13:32

15

Swati

16:45

20

Siva

13:51

A/M

22

Tue

 

12

Dwadasi

10:22

16

Visakha

14:22

21

Siddha

10:00

M/S

23

Wed

 

13

Triyodasi

07:00

17

Anuradha

11:48

--

-----

---

S

--

--

 

14

Chaturdasi

27:33

--

-----

---

22

Sadhya

06:05

 

24

Thu

S

15

Purnima

24:10

18

Jyeshta

09:11

23

Shubha

26:15

S

--

--

--

--

-----

---

--

-----

---

24

Sukla

22:37

 

25

Fri

K

01

Pathami

21:00

19

Moola

06:40

25

Brahma

22:37

A/S

--

--

--

--

-----

---

20

P. Shada

28:25

--

-----

---

--

26

Sat

 

02

Dwithiya

18:12

21

U.Shada

26:36

26

Indra

19:18

S

27

Sun

 

03

Trithiya

15:55

22

Sravana

25:22

27

Vaidhriti

16:25

A

28

Mon

 

04

Chaturthi

14:17

23

Dhanishta

24:49

01

Viskumba

14:04

S

29

Tue

 

05

Panchami

13:24

24

Satabisha

25:02

02

Priti

12:20

M

30

Wed

 

06

Shashti

13:19

25

P.Bhadra

26:03

03

Ayusman

11:14

A

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Our Predictions

Note : 1. S-Suklapaksha, K-Krishnapaksha. 

2. Timings given are ending moments (in IST) reckoned from Sunrise to Sunrise.
3. A=Amruta Yoga(Excellent); S-Siddha Yoga (Good); M=Marana Yoga (Bad)

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